Toxic chemicals used in pesticides and synthetic chemical fertilizers destroy beneficial creatures that reside in the soil. As a result, more and more hazardous substances are required to keep the system running, to the point where an addiction to those chemicals develops.
Simply moving from synthetic to organic items will not solve the issue created by hazardous chemicals.
If we exclusively employ organic pesticides, weed killers, and disease killers, the issue will not be remedied, and the new “organic farmer” will fail.
We are bound to fail if we strive to keep everything out of our landscape or gardens except the “crop” (shrubs, turfgrass, edibles, etc.) we are producing! Nature will retaliate! A fight against nature is impossible to win!
The “flip” must include a whole new strategy that involves cooperating with nature rather than opposing it.
Instead of addressing the root of the issue, the hazardous pharmaceutical approach aims to mask its symptoms. Attempting to suppress symptoms (disease, pests, and low fertility) generally makes the situation worse, leading to further chemical usage. As a consequence, nutrients are lost, and hazardous compounds are leached from the soil, poisoning our water systems.
All of this happens as a result of the loss of beneficial soil life, which is typically present in healthy soil!
The power of helpful microbes, which are poorly recognized or appreciated by the general public, is crucial to sustainable landscaping, just as it is in organic gardening.
For various reasons, growing organically differs from growing with chemicals.
To begin with, we must have the majority of the nutrients in the soil in non-leachable forms for the majority of the time.
We also require systems in the soil to convert “not accessible to plant nutrients” into “available nutrients” in the root zone, rather than away from the roots, for the most part.
Beneficial microorganisms, such as bacteria, fungus, protozoa, nematodes, and microarthopods, provide the mechanisms for this.
There are both helpful and disease-causing species in all of these microorganisms. Beneficial species are found in abundance in healthy growth environments.
Simply sprinkling high-quality, pricey organic fertilizers in your garden or lawn will not guarantee good plant development unless the right microorganisms are present.
Beneficial bacteria and fungi are required. To begin with, any lingering harmful compounds must be degraded. Then there’s the matter of tying up nutrients so they don’t drain out (and not lost when water moves through the soil).
Finally, protozoa and nematodes must devour bacteria and fungus to release the locked-up nutrients in a plant-available form. To restore normal nutrition cycling, everything that is absent must be replenished.
Microbes also reorganize the soil by forming air passages and cavities that allow water and air to be held inside the soil, requiring much less water.
The plants will be richer in nutrients and have strengthened their immune systems, making them more resistant to pests and illnesses, resulting in much healthier plants. Maintaining a healthy population of helpful microorganisms in the soil and on plant surfaces will cultivate a protective environment that will fight any disease-causing organisms that may appear by simply out-competing them for food and space.
“Sustainable landscaping” is, in my opinion, a “work in progress.” It takes time, particularly when we garden with an awareness of the process. Use the following list as a starting point that we may continue to apply as best we can over the season.
1. To restore the soil’s beneficial life, it must be amended with aerobic compost.
Add compost, sea kelp, humic acid, and other organic components to your soil.
3. In your garden, avoid using synthetic pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers.
4.Avoid compacting the soil.
5. Modify your crop rotation.
6. Do not till your land.
7.7. Organic waste should be recycled.
Use a variety of plants in your garden.
9. Select the appropriate plant for the location.